After closing the agreement with INCOTERM and the corresponding means of payment between us as exporter and the client as importer, we offer the services of:
Advice by ETD INOX in the realization of the documentation and the most convenient type of export / import for both parties, optimizing taxation.
Negotiation with logistics operators to obtain competitive prices and make the shipment tailored to the client.
Organization of shipment.
Follow-up of the shipment
Incoterms most used in international transport
FOB (Free on Board)
FCA (Free Carrier)
“Free Carrier” the seller delivers the products that have previously passed through the export office designated by the buyer at an agreed place, if the delivery takes place at the seller’s facilities, it is the seller who assumes the cost of the cargo in the On the other hand, if it takes place elsewhere, the selling party is not responsible.
CFR (Cost and Freight)
“Cost and freight”, designated port of destination: The seller bears the costs and cargo until he reaches the named port. The risk is transferred to the buying party as soon as the products have been loaded onto the ship.
CIF (Cost Insurance Freight)
Cost, insurance and freight (designated port) The seller pays insurance and freight to deliver the goods to the designated place.
The commercial invoice, the list of contents (or packing list), certificates of origin, Eur-1, ATA carnet, etc.
At a minimum, we will always have the first two (or sometimes a single document that incorporates an invoice and content), which must be issued by the exporter. The rest of the documents may be necessary depending on the type of merchandise or its final destination – for example, the certificate of origin or the EUR-1 may be required by the final importer to obtain a benefit in paying the tariff in the country. of destiny.
Depending on the mode of transport, we would basically have the maritime bill of lading, Bill of Lading (BL) or air, Airway Bill (AWB), the ground waybill or CMR, or multimodal bills of lading. In all cases, the knowledge is issued by the freight forwarder or by the sea or airline.
There are also different versions of them that facilitate cargo release and original document management.
The DUA (Unique Administrative Document) is the document used in all international transactions. It is very important that international trade professionals know it well because it offers information on the merchandise, its origin, value, taxes, etc. In addition, it is used to make the tax declaration, both for exports and imports. Without this document, no merchandise can pass through customs in any country in the world.
It is the form that is presented to Customs for clearance. It has the effects of a tax declaration, and hence the importance of the customs agent being competent when specifying it, correctly identifying and classifying the merchandise, its tariff heading, and the amounts to be declared.
It is the common document to make the import declaration in all the member states of the European Union.
It can be presented through a computer system or in person at the designated customs offices.
The DUA must collect:
Identification of the participants in the operation.
- Customs Destination: release for consumption, release for free circulation, transit, temporary importation.
- Goods identification data: TARIC (HS CODE), weight, units, location, packaging.
- Data of the means of transport.
- Country of origin, export and destination.
- Commercial and financial information: incoterms, billing currency, exchange rate, invoiced value.
- List of documents associated with the SAD: commercial invoice, transport document, declaration of customs value, proof of origin, import licenses, inspection certificates (sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary).
- Declaration and mode of payment of import taxes.
The DUA is made up of 8 copies (numbered from 1 to 8), plus an additional one known as ‘Levante’. Each one has a specific function, depending on the type of exchange in question: export, import, export plus transit, etc.
As detailed by the Tax Agency, for exports, the exporter must present three copies of the SAD:
- Number 1: for the Customs office of dispatch.
- Number 3: for the interested party.
- Number 4: will be presented when it is necessary to justify the Community character of the goods before the Community Customs of destination, Andorra or San Marino. In national exchanges, the corresponding receipt authorized at the electronic headquarters may be printed.
For imports, the DUA to be completed includes the following copies:
- Number 6: for import / introduction Customs.
- Number 8: for the interested.
For transit operations, such as reloading or transshipment of goods, the following copies must be completed:
- Number 1: for the Customs office of dispatch.
- Number 4: for the Customs office of destination.
- Number 5: will be used as a guide for its return to the issuing member state.
Copies 2 and 7 of the SAD have a statistical function, that is, they are used to produce reports on international trade. Copy number 2 is filled in for exports and copy 7 for imports.
The DUA completion process is carried out over the Internet and is subsequently sent electronically to the corresponding authorities. Once delivered, Customs will respond to the request by assigning a channel. This channel determines the type of control that the merchandise must pass:
- Green channel: correct documentation and the merchandise can enter and leave the country.
- Orange channel: documentation should be reviewed.
- Yellow channel: verification of the existence and validity of a specific Border Inspection certificate or authorization required for customs clearance.
- Red channel: checking the merchandise and the documentation provided.